BOGUMIL DAWISON (1818-1872)
actor Bogumil Dawison was born at Warsaw, of Jewish parents,
and at the age of nineteen went on the stage. In 1839 he received
an appointment to the theatre at Lemberg in Galicia. In 1847
he played at Hamburg with marked success, was from 1849 to 1854
a member of the Burg theatre in Vienna, and then became connected
with the Dresden court theatre. In 1864 he was given a life engagement,
but resigned his appointment, and after starring through Germany
visited the United States in 1866. He died in Dresden on the
1st of February 1872. Dawison was considered in Germany an actor
of a new type; a leading critic wrote that he and Marie Seebach
"swept like fresh gales over dusty tradition, and brushing
aside the monotony of declamation gave to their rôles more
character and vivacity than had hitherto been known on the German
stage." His chief parts were Mephistopheles, Franz Moor,
Mark Antony, Hamlet, Charles V, Richard III and King Lear.
This article was originally
published in Encyclopedia Britannica, Eleventh Edition.
F.T.M. Cambridge: University Press, 1911.